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May 4, 2024

5 min read

Mastering Webpack: Setting Up Webpack with TypeScript For Web - Part 2





Mastering Webpack: Setting Up Webpack with TypeScript For Web - Part 2

This is Part 2 of our Mastering Webpack series. If you need a refresher on the fundamentals of Webpack and module bundling, consider revisiting Part 1 of this series.

In this post, we are going to see how webpack can be configured for web, by default when we setup webpack it will work fine in the node.js environment, but if we try to use the bundled version of JS by opening in a browser the js file won't support and it won’t work

Continuing configuration based on the previous post

Step 1: Create Separate webpack config for web

Create a separate webpack config file called webpack.config.web.ts in the root directory, Then add the below code which is the configurations that tell how the project code should be compiled and bundled

import { Configuration } from "webpack";
import { resolve } from "path";

const config: Configuration = {
  mode: "none", // Sets bundling mode to 'none' (no optimizations).
  entry: {
    bundle: "./src/index.ts", // Entry point of the application.
  target: "web", // Correctly sets the bundle target to web environments.
  module: {
    rules: [
        exclude: /node_modules/, // Excludes node_modules from processing.
        use: {
          loader: "ts-loader", // Processes TypeScript files.
          options: {
            transpileOnly: true, // Speeds up compilation by skipping type checking.
            configFile: "tsconfig.web.json", // Using tsconfig created for web platform
  resolve: {
    extensions: [".tsx", ".ts", ".js"], // Resolves these file extensions.
  output: {
    filename: "[name].web.js", // Names output file after its entry point ('bundle.js').
    path: resolve(__dirname, "dist"), // Output directory for the bundled files.

export default config;


  • The [name].js in the filename field tells Webpack to name the output file based on the name of the entry point. For instance, since your entry point is named bundle, the output file will be bundle.web.js.
  • Most of this file resembles the configuration we created for the Node.js environment. The key differences here are,
    • The target is set to web instead of node
    • The output filename is changed to bundle.web.js to distinguish it from the Node.js bundle
    • The configuration is set to tsconfig.web.json

Step 2: Create separate ts config for web

Create a new tsconfig file for web version named tsconfig.web.json and add the following code

  "extends": "./tsconfig.json",
  "compilerOptions": {
    "module": "ES6"


  • Here, we are extending the base tsconfig.json to avoid repeating configurations. We set the module to ES6 to utilize the latest JavaScript features in the browser.
  • Additionally module is set to ES6 , to use the latest features of JS in the browser environment

Step 3: Include bundle generated for web in HTML

Add index.html file in the root directory, and add the bundle script that will be generated for the web

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>Typescript with webpack</title>
    <p> Check the console by opening inspect window!</p>
    <!-- Adding bundle file that will be generated for web -->
    <script src="./dist/bundle.web.js"></script> 

Step 4: Add build script for web

Add build script for the web version in package.json file

"scripts": {
    "start": "node dist/bundle.js",
    "build": "webpack",
    "build-web": "webpack --config webpack.config.web.ts",


  • --config webpack.config.web.ts - is added to mention that we need to use webpack.config.web.ts configuration when bundling

Step 5: Build the bundle

Execute npm run build-web , to generate the bundle for web

Note: If you're following from Part 1, you might encounter an error related to the crypto module. This occurs because crypto is a Node.js native module and isn't natively supported in the browser. We'll fix this by adding the necessary polyfills.

ERROR in ./src/utils.ts 1:0-28
Module not found: Error: Can't resolve 'crypto' in '/Users/nandhu/Desktop/Learnings/typescript/src'

BREAKING CHANGE: webpack < 5 used to include polyfills for node.js core modules by default.
This is no longer the case. Verify if you need this module and configure a polyfill for it.

If you want to include a polyfill, you need to:
        - add a fallback 'resolve.fallback: { "crypto": require.resolve("crypto-browserify") }'
        - install 'crypto-browserify'
If you don't want to include a polyfill, you can use an empty module like this:
        resolve.fallback: { "crypto": false }

Why Polyfill? Polyfills are used to emulate the functionality of APIs or components that are available in some environments but missing in others, typically in web browsers that do not support certain modern web standards. When developing applications that need to work both in Node.js and the browser, it's crucial to understand which Node.js native modules require polyfills to function correctly in the browser.

Install polyfill of crypto library and it’s dependent polyfill libraries(these dependent libraries are required to be installed to make crypto work)

npm install buffer vm-browserify stream-browserify --save

Add a fallback library for crypto library, under resolve section in webpack.config.web.ts

resolve: {
    extensions: [".tsx", ".ts", ".js"],
    fallback: {
    // Polyfill for 'crypto' and it's dependent polyfill modules
      "buffer": require.resolve("buffer/"),
      "stream": require.resolve("stream-browserify"),
      "vm": require.resolve("vm-browserify"),
      "crypto": require.resolve("crypto-browserify")  

Basically what we are doing here is, we are telling webpack to use crypto-browserify instead of crypto native library, similar for other polyfill-dependent libraries

Now again execute the npm run build-web , bundle file will be generated successfully

Step 6: Test the bundle generated for web

Since the HTML file includes our web version of Webpack bundle. Open the html in a browser and check the console to see the outputs from your TypeScript code.

Congratulations! You've successfully configured Webpack to bundle your TypeScript project for both web and node.js environments. Now, your application is more versatile and ready for deployment across different platforms. Experiment with adding more complex functionalities and optimizations to your Webpack configuration to further enhance your project.

Thanks For Reading!

Hope you have learned something new today 😊.

I welcome your questions, feedback, and discussions on this topic. Don't hesitate to reach out if there's something you'd like to talk about.

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